Colloquium Presentation: Dr. Kyle Scherr
Wednesday, February 7th at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. Kyle Scherr Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. Kyle Scherr
Title: The Enduring Effects of the Stigma Associated with Instances of False Confessions
Abstract: Innocent individuals falsely confess to wrongdoing. A robust literature has established that once obtained, false confessions can go on to undermine subsequent investigations and substantially increase the likelihood of a conviction. A body of evidence is emerging that extends the negative effects of a false confession to these individuals’ experiences post-conviction. Findings from a series of projects using experimental, archival, and interview data will highlight some of the disadvantages that innocent individuals who have confessed experience post-conviction. Specifically, the presentation will focus on the obstacles associated with instances of false confession and individuals’ pursuit to seek relief and achieve exoneration, attempts to reintegrate post-exoneration, and ability to secure employment. The presentation will end with a discussion on the policy implications of these findings and ways future research can advance the nascent literature to provide empirically supported reforms.
Colloquium Presentation: Dr. Kristen Lindquist
Wednesday, January 24th at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. Kristen Lindquist Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. Kristen Lindquist
Title: Deconstructing Emotions: Considering Cognitive, Neural, and Cultural Levels of Analysis
Abstract: Questions about the nature of emotion are some of the most enduring in psychology and neuroscience. We have been studying emotion scientifically for over a century, but answers to questions about the nature of these important states have remained elusive. Traditionally, attempts to weigh in on the mechanisms of emotion have used a single level of analysis and focus almost exclusively on cognitive, neurophysiological, or cultural mechanisms. In this talk, I discuss work that spans all three. I will begin by showing experimental evidence that emotions are mental states characterized by cognitive features such as valence, arousal, and situated semantic meanings. Next, I’ll demonstrate that these features are the product of interactions amongst distributed brain networks that predictively regulate visceromotor outputs by making best guesses about adaptive actions. Finally, I’ll close by showing that such predictions are learned via experience within particularly cultural contexts. Together, this work forms the basis of a new constructionist model in which emotions are both deeply embodied and encultured states.
Colloquium Presentation: Dr. Qing Zhou
Wednesday, January 17th at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. Qing Zhou Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. Qing Zhou
Title: Psychological Adjustment in Chinese American Children of Immigrant Families: The Roles of Cultural Orientations, Parenting, and Neighborhood of the Status Quo
Abstract: One out of four children in the United States grew up in immigrant families. Children of immigrant families are exposed to diverse cultural values and languages in early development, and face developmentally unique challenges and opportunities. In this talk, Dr. Zhou will share findings from the Kids & Family Project – a longitudinal study following over 200 first- and second-generation children in Chinese immigrant families in the San Francisco Bay Area from early elementary school through young adulthood. The specific research questions examined include: 1) How do parent-child cultural orientations and language proficiency shape parenting, parent-child relationships, and offspring’s behavioral adjustment? 2) How do cultural orientation, socioeconomic, and neighborhood factors shape parenting styles in immigrant families? Implications of research findings for prevention and mental health services serving children of immigrant families will also be discussed.
Colloquium Presentation: Dr. Samuel Sommers
Wednesday, March 22nd at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. Samuel Sommers Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. Samuel Sommers
Title: Using Social Psychology to Study Racism: Classrooms, Courtrooms, and Daily Experiences with Discrimination
Abstract: A great deal of psychological research has examined the mechanisms underlying racism and other forms of discrimination. The present talk focuses on recent work in the Racial Equity and Diversity Lab at Tufts University, a collection of scientists seeking to conduct research with practical implications for ameliorating racial inequities in real-world domains including higher education and the criminal justice system. Specific research questions include: What classroom and department-wide cues shape Black students’ perceptions of fit and support within a Psychology program? What are the obstacles and consequences of racial diversity in legal decision-making processes? What effects do personal experiences with racism have on individuals’ minds, brains, and bodies?
Colloquium Presentation: Dr. Rick Dale
Wednesday, Feb. 22nd at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. Rick Dale Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. Rick Dale
Title: The Potential Centrality of Task in Theories of Interpersonal Coordination
Abstract: Research on interpersonal human communication has long involved debate about the underlying cognitive capacities involved. For example, some argue that we naturally synchronize with each other as a spontaneous human tendency. Others argue that egocentric processes govern initial moments of interaction. One way to mitigate this debate is devising systematic comparisons of cognitive processes across different tasks. It may be possible that cognition and coordination are not a “one size fits all” package. Instead, humans quickly adapt to a communicative situation, and whether they exhibit particular cognitive or behavioral trends may be an important function of that task. In this talk, I showcase some early work with collaborators on building a computational model and series of experiments to test this idea. I will argue that theories of human interpersonal communication should integrate task structure as a central ingredient.
Note: This work is in collaboration with Grace Qiyuan Miao (Ph.D. Student, Communication, UCLA) and Alexia Galati (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Psychological Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte). The wider project is funded by National Science Foundation grant #2120932 “Identifying multimodal signatures of coordination to understand joint performance in diverse tasks” to AG and RD.
Colloquium Presentation: Dr. Terri Vescio
Wednesday, Jan. 25th at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. Terri Vescio Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. Terri Vescio
Title: Hegemonic Masculinity, Sexual Violence, and the Maintenance of the Status Quo
Abstract: Sexual violence is pervasive and linked to masculinity. Psychological theory and research has attributed sexual violence to the toxic acts of some men who have internalized pathologized or extreme forms of masculinity. By contrast, feminist theorists have suggested that sexual violence is a tool of patriarchy; a normal, quotidian consequence of embodiments of culturally valued notions of masculinity that functionally intimidate women, increasing their likelihood of accepting their lower social status (Brownmiller, 1975; de Beauvoir, 1925). Bridging this gap, in this talk, I will present empirical data using social psychological methods to explore the proposition that sexual violence is linked to culturally idealized forms of masculinity (hegemonic masculinity) that most people accept, endorse, internalize, and act upon daily. Consistent with this notion, I will present findings from two sets of studies. The first set of studies show that that situational threats to men’s internalized notions of hegemonic masculinity result in increases in public discomfort and subsequent anger that, in turn, predict increases in men’s intent to engage in or accept sexual violence. The second set of studies will show that regardless of a person’s gender identification, increased endorsement of hegemonic masculinity as a cultural ideology – or that notion that good men in contemporary western cultures are powerful, high status, and nothing like women – predicts unique variance in their support for politicians accused of sexual violence. Thus, it is not certain toxic men who enact sexual; rather, sexual violence is the product of society’s valuation of masculinity (vs. femininity).
Colloquium Presentation: Dr. John Coffey
Wednesday, Sept. 28th at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. John Coffey Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. John Coffey
Title: Flourishing Across the Lifespan: Children’s Emotions as a Predictor of Adult Well-Being
Abstract: Children—regardless of their backgrounds—can flourish as adults. Using a diverse array of measures of children’s emotions, complex statistical modeling, and datasets spanning months to 40+ years, the talk wil cover research which suggests that children’s positive emotional experiences are important predictors of success, happiness, mental health, and well-being in adulthood.
Colloquium Presentation: Dr. Max Guyll
Wednesday, Sept. 21st at 12pm in CLCC 199
Dr. Max Guyll Recording Link
Speaker: Dr. Max Guyll
Title: Increasing the Rigor of Forensic Laboratory Analysis
Abstract: Forensic analysis can lead to wrongful conviction as a result of invalid techniques, low ability examiners, and uncontrolled laboratory procedures. This presentation will report data on the validity of one commonly used forensic technique (cartridge case comparison) and demonstrate how uncontrolled laboratory procedures can increase confidence in erroneous conclusions. The talk will propose an ambitious model for revising forensic laboratory procedures in a way that will continuously update data pertaining to both technique validity and examiner ability, also and maintain high levels of scientific rigor.